15 min read
Oct 10, 2018

Small Business Technology Insight: Cybersecurity

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Gitanjali MariaSr. Content Analyst

Security concerns rank No. 2 among the challenges faced by small and midsize businesses, according to our survey.

Seventy percent of cyberattacks target small businesses, which, on an average, lose around $80,000 per attack, not to mention the lost business opportunities and damaged reputation.

To safeguard your business from hackers and harmful bots, you must have multiple defense mechanisms to ward off attackers from different fronts.

The key challenge for small business owners is tackling cybersecurity with limited budgets and IT expertise, while juggling other pressing business and customer issues that take up the bulk of their time and resources.

A cybersecurity solution can help your business meet its preliminary security needs. Cybersecurity software detects and blocks malicious applications; these solutions comprise different types of security applications such as antivirus, firewalls, anti-spam, and data loss prevention.

Small businesses’ cybersecurity strategies must include investment in a combination of antivirus, firewall, spam filter, data encryption, data backup, and password management applications, or else they will leave components of their IT infrastructure exposed, inviting attacks that will result in heavy recovery and opportunity costs.

This article will discuss these cybersecurity applications, their features, and other technical considerations that you must keep in mind when choosing and implementing security solutions.


  • What is cybersecurity? The definition and goals

  • Cybersecurity applications essential for small businesses

  • Cybersecurity software selection criteria: 4 key considerations

  1. Integrated security suite vs. individual applications</li>

  2. Core cybersecurity software features you must look for

  3. Cybersecurity software and CPU usage

  4. Cybersecurity software and OS compatibility

  5. Cybersecurity software: Understand the benefits and risks

  6. Popular cybersecurity software products

  7. Building a small business cybersecurity strategy

  • Detect and prevent cyberattacks before they happen:Most often, businesses realize they have been attacked only when they are unable to open certain files, when their website crashes, or when their systems fail and won't reboot. Cybersecurity software helps you detect signs of malicious activity before they cause major harm. It alerts you about malicious files and other malware. Cybersecurity solutions also help clean up your systems and remove the harmful elements before they knock you down.

  • Make online browsing safe:Unsafe browsing and download practices can lead to viruses, Trojans, worms, ransomware, spyware, or keyloggers getting installed on your systems. This can lead to identity theft, stealing of passwords, and more. Cybersecurity software helps by flagging harmful websites and unsafe downloads.

  • Identify and plug vulnerabilities in the system:Cybersecurity software helps detect weak points in your system such as unpatched software, legacy apps, phishing emails, etc. and allows you to autocorrect them. It also generates vulnerability reports.

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Cybersecurity applications essential for small businesses

Cybersecurity involves fortifying your business against different threats emerging from multiple fronts such as internet usage, networks, emails, apps, and more.There is no single cybersecurity solution that offers complete defense against all types of threats:


, phishing, ransomware attacks, cryptojacking, etc. Instead, you must look at building an effective cybersecurity program by investing in multiple key security applications that offer specialized capabilities.



cybersecurity applications that small businesses must have include:


Antivirus is a type of software that scans your systems to detect and remove malicious files and applications. Most antivirus software today offers advanced capabilities and can also function as anti-malware, detecting and blocking different types of internet threats including ransomware, Trojans, and worms.


A firewall is a network protection tool that monitors and filters traffic to and from your network. It is capable of detecting malicious traffic and blocking it out based on set rules. Artificial intelligence-powered firewalls (i.e., next-gen firewalls) are capable of detecting and blocking malicious traffic based on context, in addition to the administrator-defined rules.

Spam filters:

Spam filters are mechanisms of email protection that detect and remove unwanted emails from users' inboxes. Spam filters identify suspicious emails by identifying word patterns and context using a combination of techniques such as rule-based workflows, heuristic filters, and artificial intelligence.

Data encryption:

Data encryption tools translate your data into a different form of code that only people with a decryption key can read. It is used to protect highly sensitive and confidential data, both while at rest and in transit.

Data backup:

Data backup solutions are an essential component to ensure data protection, recovery, and

business continuity

. Data backup applications store a copy of your data. They can either be on-premises or cloud-based. Small businesses such as yours that don't want to spend on data storage infrastructure and maintenance can opt for managed cloud-based data backup services.

Password manager:

Eighty-one percent

of hacking-related data breaches used weak and stolen passwords.

Fifty-nine percent

of small and midsize businesses have no visibility into employee password practices. Password manager tools help employees store and manage multiple passwords safely. Small businesses must implement strong password policies and must consider using password manager tools.

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Cybersecurity software selection criteria: 4 key considerations

With so many cybersecurity applications on the market from over


software vendors, choosing the right one for your business can be difficult.In the next few sections, we discuss in the detail some factors you must consider when purchasing cybersecurity software.

1. Integrated security suite vs. individual applications

Cybersecurity involves constantly protecting your business and its different IT systems-desktops, mobile devices, networks, browsers, software applications, and emails-from threats such as

DDoS attacks

, ransomware, data hacking, etc.This cannot be done with just one tool. As I discussed in the previous section, cybersecurity solutions are actually a combination or package of various applications such as anti-virus, firewalls, spam filters, and data loss prevention tools.If you are worried that investing in multiple software applications is going to be too costly, there is an alternative: Many software vendors today provide integrated internet security packages that cover anti-virus, spam filters, anti-malware, privacy protection, and firewalls.The advanced versions also offer ransomware protection, online data backup, and password managers. Security suite solutions remove the hassle of having to manage different security components, come cheaper, and serve all your basic needs.

Suite vs. stand-alone security solutions: Tips for choosing

Here are some tips to help you make the choice between integrated and stand-alone security solutions:

  • If you require advanced protection in a specific area, such as networks, online browsing, data backups, or business continuity, opt for stand-alone solutions with specific capabilities that can integrate with one another.

  • If you are a first-time buyer of security software or your requirement is only basic all-round protection, consider a security software suite.

  • If you are buying or already have a suite solution and want additional capabilities, add relevant specialized security tools that can integrate with your current software.

2. Core cybersecurity software features you must look for

Some of the key features you must look out for while purchasing a cybersecurity suite solution or any of the individual cybersecurity products include:

  • Real-time monitoring Involves continuous monitoring of network traffic to and from your systems. It also checks your web applications' and other software's security posture at frequent intervals or on a continuous basis.

Real-time monitoring results of network traffic as shown in

Imperva Incapsula

, a network monitoring and endpoint solution (



  • Dashboards Provides real-time visual data on the security performance of your systems. This capability helps administrators get a high-level picture of security performance, as well as enabling them to quickly identify anomalies in critical components.

Activity dashboard in

Netwrix Auditor

, a cybersecurity software tool (



  • Automated actions Your cybersecurity software must be able to complete certain critical actions such as installing updates, data backups, etc. with little human intervention. This helps to ensure that data is protected at all times, even if employees forget about security updates.

Automated backup scheduler in


, a cybersecurity and backup tool (



  • Reports Custom reports and autogenerated reports help system administrators keep a record of different actions such as external logins, new devices connected to the network, bandwidth usage, etc. for the entire IT system. It also helps in using security analytics to identify weaknesses as well as for conducting incident investigations, post a breach or attack.

Reports generated in

Netwrix Auditor

, a cybersecurity software solution (



  • Regular updates Regular security software updates from the security vendor is a most essential component of any security software. Two hundred thousand new malicious programs are created every day, and keeping your software updated to detect these strains of malware is very important. Ask your security vendor about its update/patch policy and frequency.

Automated updates as available in


, a cybersecurity software tool (



  • Alerts The software must alert and notify you about malicious files detected and the action-remove or quarantine-it plans to take. This helps you to be cognizant of the risks your system is facing.

Alerts on ransomware as shown in

Netwrix Auditor




3. Cybersecurity software and CPU usage

While your security solution is a critical component of your IT infrastructure, it is an application that runs in the background. And ideally, it will function continuously.So, you wouldn't want your other systems-CRM, HR, ERP or BI-affected by its running. It should have low CPU usage and must not slow down your system.Though, with 4 GB internet connections and more RAM, as is the case with newer devices, CPU usage may not ultimately be an issue, it is still advisable to do free trials of cybersecurity software to see whether it impacts the performance of your systems under different load scenarios.

4. Cybersecurity and OS compatibility

It is difficult to manage and trace the multiple types of devices that connect to your network, especially with the implementation of policies such as BYOD (bring your own device) and employees connecting personal accessories-smartphones, smartwatches, cameras, etc. These devices could be working on different operating systems: Windows, Mac, Linux, Android, and more.You must ensure that your security software is able to detect and run on all types of devices and operating systems. Double check with your vendor and read some real

user reviews

to ensure that the software works smoothly on all system types.

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Cybersecurity software: Understand the benefits and risks

Implementing cybersecurity software helps business not only protect their IT systems but also improves productivity. Here are the main benefits and risks of cybersecurity software.


  • Reduces downtimeCybersecurity tools help reduce downtime of web applications and websites. By ensuring that malware does not crash your systems, cybersecurity allows you to continue working uninterrupted. It also ensures that malicious codes that slow down your system are removed, helping you improve your productivity.

  • Protects your information:Cybersecurity solutions prevent malicious programs from corrupting your system and ensure that all your data and files are safe to use. It protects your financial details and customer details, as well as other business data. Some cybersecurity tools also offer encryption facilities to safeguard your data.

  • Protects your privacy:Cybersecurity solutions offer anti-spyware, anti-adware, and privacy protection features that ensure that your data or identity is not stolen. It prevents keylogger software and other malware from getting downloaded or used on your systems.

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