By 2030, IT’s primary focus will shift to providing strategic business value by delivering innovative products and services. However, traditionally siloed and process-driven IT departments are not well suited for the speed and adaptability needed to take advantage of emerging digital business opportunities.
This means that IT and business strategy must be aligned to boost the responsiveness and agility that will be required to compete in the future. This can be accomplished by embracing collaborative management techniques and increasing autonomy among IT staff. To build context for the future of IT, here are a few of our predictions for information technology in the year 2030:
Ninety-eight percent of business data will be stored in the cloud rather than traditional company data centers. Few new technologies, or even business models, will be viable without relying on cloud technology.
Cloud computing models such as Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), and Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) models will increasingly give way to a boundless Everything-as-a-Service (XaaS) dynamic whereby IT is managed as a malleable product highly conducive to innovation.
IT networks will be chiefly optimized for resilience and business continuity, better supporting rising priorities such as risk management, cybersecurity, and the near total adoption of remote work.
Evolved 5G wireless networks will deliver high-bandwidth, low-latency connections that will power advanced industrial internet of things (IoT) and digital twin platforms. China will be in the process of building out the first 6G networks.
Advanced edge computing will provide real-time local data processing, enhancing IoT systems while reducing network traffic in the cloud. Sensor-laden machines will increasingly communicate among themselves, make decisions without human intervention, and invoke self-healing mechanisms
Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) will be common in many business environments including warehouses and employee training programs.
Analytics data will be obtained from increasingly diverse sources, improving machine learning algorithms, strengthening predictive analytics, and informing nearly all decision making.
Advances in AI, robotics, and automation will significantly improve efficiency and productivity at the expense of roles in areas such as data entry, customer service, and manufacturing. Jobs that do not currently exist will fill the void.
Unified endpoint management platforms will monitor all network endpoints from a single interface, markedly improving network visibility and cybersecurity.
Most industrialized countries, including the United States, will have enacted comprehensive GDPR-inspired federal data privacy laws. Compliance efforts will make data security management a top strategic and operational priority for nearly every business.
As support services become automated and infrastructure outsourced, IT’s primary role will shift to supporting business strategies by integrating business systems, accelerating product development, and improving customer experience.
Low- and no-code development platforms will be prevalent, allowing tech-savvy employees to identify and implement their own technology solutions. Business intelligence will be embedded into everyday applications in ways that can be understood and acted upon by employees of all skill sets. This means IT’s role will also evolve to include a consulting function that helps to guide business initiatives and support citizen IT leaders.
By 2030, the norm-shattering Millennial workforce will be 33-48 years old. Their way of looking at business will be the standard. Collaboration, agility, and pluralism will be values that are not simply embraced, but expected.
Traditionally, teams are made up of people with similar job titles, skills, and backgrounds. In the future, teams, pods, or whatever they’ll be called, will increasingly consist of dynamic individuals from different disciplinary backgrounds, solving problems as they appear. For this to happen, the future of IT must involve a significant degree of self-management.
But what will that look like?
One possibility is holacracy: a management system without managers. Essentially the opposite of a traditional corporate hierarchy, holacracy is a flattened business management style composed of circles of responsibility instead of a top-down pyramid structure.
Rather than anarchy or a free-for-all, holacracy is governed by a constitution. And though there are no managers per se, employees take on multiple roles, including leadership responsibilities relative to their capabilities. Holacracy empowers employees and allows business to “fail fast,” but it has several drawbacks, such as incessant meetings to allocate responsibilities.
Holacracy has been adopted in part by several well-known tech companies with varying degrees of success. The primary example of full-blown holacracy adoption is Zappos, the Amazon-owned shoe company. Online publishing company Medium began as a holacracy, only to abandon it three years later.
It’s possible that holacracy is currently in what Gartner’s Hype Cycle refers to as the “trough of disillusionment” wherein the initial holacracy hype has given way to disappointment. From here, it either begins to enter the hype-free “slope of enlightenment” where true adoption of more formalized ideas begins to take hold—or it becomes just another failed management fad.
A better bet is Agile, which began as a method of improving the efficiency of software development through collaboration, iterative problem solving, and continuous improvement.
However, in recent years, Agile has moved beyond software development to become a general guiding philosophy. Agile practices are maturing and its principles are permeating everything from the boardroom to workplace design.
Twenty years ago, the Agile manifesto set forth four values, the primary of which was “individuals and interactions over processes and tools.” This value will only become more crucial for businesses that must adapt to rapidly evolving technology and the business opportunities that await.
A key element required to elevate individuals and interactions over processes and tools is communication. Agile-related methodologies such as scrum and kanban encourage cross-functional communication and help to visualize workflows. These tools are found in a range of project management software from Jira to Smartsheet.
DevOps, a derivation of Agile practices, has brought developers and operations together to automate where possible, work incrementally, and sharply reduce delivery times.
Newer incarnations have crept up such as DevSecOps, which endeavors to incorporate security from the start. BizOps goes a step further by aligning business strategy with operations to identify opportunities and determine priorities.
Siloed and process-driven organizations respond slowly to change and are thus less likely to meet ever-increasing customer expectations. Unwieldy frameworks such as ITIL are being displaced by Agile-inspired practices that bring all elements of the business together.
Future leaders of IT will lead from behind. This means fostering a culture of communication, flexibility, and adaptability.
The concept of leading from behind stems from an interpretation of a passage in Nelson Mandela’s autobiography that reads, “A leader is like a shepherd. He stays behind the flock, letting the most nimble go out ahead, whereupon the others follow, not realizing that all along they are being directed from behind."
A few years ago, I was in Madrid to witness the Fiesta de la Trashumancia, a bewildering annual spectacle that features farmers shepherding thousands of sheep through the city center. These sheep are, of course, accustomed to rolling hills and wide open spaces. Nevertheless, they seemed quite comfortable strolling down Madrid’s most ornate streets with locals and tourists lining either side.
While following the procession, I noticed how calmly the sheep walked, with little guidance and the farmers trailing behind or to the sides. Never once did I see a sheep wander into the crowd, but if one had, a farmer would have quickly been there to guide it back to the right path.
Sheep are often maligned as blind followers, but in reality they’re herded very carefully from behind. And while this analogy isn’t intended to compare IT staff to sheep, that wouldn’t necessarily be a bad thing.
There’s a lot of evidence that sheep are highly intelligent. They have excellent memory, above average hearing, and their square pupils give them an extra-wide field of vision. And despite their reputations for copying one another, if left alone, sheep tend to wander independently.
Similarly, the IT staff of the future must be allowed to wander across domains and adapt to new environments. They must maintain a wide field of vision to identify, coordinate, and deploy IT resources when and where needed.
IT managers and CIOs of the future will encourage experimentation, reflection, and adaptation to ensure that IT staff feels greater autonomy to work creatively with different lines of business.
Whether working with designers to improve product appearance or engaging with anthropologists to better understand user behaviors, IT will be encouraged to seek opportunities to facilitate innovation and optimize customer experience.
Instead of developing concrete plans and handing out directives, IT leaders will look ahead to see where their organizations need to be and ensure that their teams are empowered to take them there.
The trend is away from rigid, process-oriented structure and toward becoming a versatile customer-driven organization. This will be achieved by merging functional areas, simplifying processes, and coordinating resources to rapidly deliver new and innovative products and services.
Rather than a waterfall of disjointed teams, the future of IT will more closely resemble a pool of collaborative resources.
Here's a video with a list of future technologies you should check out.
The applications selected in this article are examples to show a feature in context and are not intended as endorsements or recommendations.
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